Foot orthoses (also known as “orthotics”) are custom foot supports. They are designed to fit your feet more appropriately than over-the-counter (OTC) arch supports and balance the biomechanical inadequacies of your feet and legs.
The most common reasons people use foot orthoses are for arch and heel pain (Plantar Fasciitis), lower leg tendonitis ( problem with the Achilles and posterior tibial tendon, and “shin splints”) and for knee pain, such as chondromalacia patellae, iliotibial band syndrome and “runner’s knee.” Foot orthoses are made from casts or scans of the feet, and incorporate measurements of your foot and legs and limb length assessment, as well as your exact medical condition.
Although some people adapt to foot orthoses very quickly, you should gradually adjust to them by wearing them a few hours more each day. The devices should be comfortable and used whenever you are doing the activity that would normally aggravate your condition. However, it is beneficial to also go barefoot for some period during the day when you are “healed” from the aggravating condition to aid in strengthening the foot & leg muscles. If you need foot orthoses, they can improve your overall comfort in your lower body, including your feet!